What is Arweave (AR)?

What is Arweave (AR)?

Arweave is a decentralized storage network and blockchain project that aims to provide an endless storage platform for data.

The network, which bills itself as a “collectively owned hard drive that never forgets,” is chiefly responsible for hosting “the permaweb” — a permanent, decentralized web comprised of a variety of community-driven apps and services.

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To understand more about this project, have a look at our in-depth examination of Arweave. The Arweave network operates on a native cryptocurrency, AR, which is used to compensate “miners” for forever storing the network's data.

Archain was first announced in August 2017 before being rebranded as Arweave in February 2018 and formally launched in June 2018.


Component Arweave (AR)
Technologies Blockweave, Permaweb, SmartWeave
Market Capitalization $2.1 Billion+
Open-Source Yes
Consensus Mechanism Proof of Access
Smart Contracts Yes
Founders/Authors Sam Williams, William Jones
Launch Date 2018
Circulating Supply of Coins 33,394,701 AR
Maximum Coin Supply 66,000,000 AR
Mining-based Coin? No
Is Arweave a Stablecoin? No
Does Arweave have a burn rate? No
Does Arweave have a Whitepaper? Yes, Arweave has a Light paper that can be viewed here


Evolution and Development of Arweave

Archain was previously called Arweave in 2017 but was renamed in 2018 after the Arweave team's acceptance to the Techstars start-up accelerator.

Sam Williams and William Jones, both Ph.D. candidates at the University of Kent, established Arweave.

Williams brought expertise in decentralized and distributed systems to the project, having constructed an operating system called HydrOS as part of his research, whilst Jones specialized in graph theory and neural networking.

While Williams quit graduate school to concentrate on the business, Jones departed the project in mid-2018 to finish his Ph.D.

According to Williams, he devised the notion while hiking up a mountain in Scotland and then presented it to Jones, with whom he worked out the technical aspects.

Williams then became an adviser to Minespider, a firm that provides blockchain-based supply chain monitoring for the raw materials market, and he served as a mentor for the Techstars accelerator program.

Arweave then secured $5 million from prominent start-up capital companies, including Andreessen Horowitz and Union Square Ventures, in 2019.

Arweave was initially started with centralized leadership. However, the platform launched a decentralized autonomous organization, or DAO, formed of core community members in January 2020 to advance the network's growth and expansion.

Arweave announced an extra $8.3 million in financing in March 2020. The funds will be used to expand the community of users and developers developing on Arweave.


What makes Arweave unique?

Most of the data storage is controlled by a few centralized corporations who regulate user access to websites and applications and can withdraw it at any moment.

Similarly, data held centrally may easily be lost, distorted, or restricted, and websites and applications can vanish when financing for their maintenance needs becomes unavailable. Arweave was created to address the internet's data impermanence by providing a durable, decentralized information preservation mechanism.

Arweave is a decentralized storage system that connects different users who have free disk space on their computers with those who need storage. Arweave is a data storage system based on a blockchain-like data structure called the Blockweave. It is designed to offer scalable, cost-effective, and permanent data storage.

The Blockweave serves as the foundation for what is known as the permaweb – a collection of data, websites, and decentralized apps (DApps) that together constitute a permanent, decentralized web that is accessible through standard internet browsers.

Therefore, a persistent, decentralized information network is created that encourages user participation. The native Arweave (AR) token is critical to Arweave's operation since it is used to motivate miners to preserve copies of data and pay transaction fees.

A unique feature of Arweave’s architecture is the way it verifies transactions. Unlike Bitcoin, which requires network participants to solve a mathematical challenge, Arweave employs a different approach termed “proof-of-access.”

A new bundle of transactions must include a randomly picked marker from a prior bundle for Arweave to operate. This marker allows new transactions to be introduced to the network. The computer that adds a new package gets AR cryptocurrency as a reward.

So that machines on the Arweave network can validate new transactions and prevent tampering with previous ones.


What are the main uses for Arweave?

To save data in the Blockweave, AR tokens are required. Arweave miners get these tokens for mining new blocks; therefore, they must store data.

But not all transaction fees go to miners. This storage “endowment” is handed to miners over time. The customer pays an upfront charge that accrues interest and is eventually given to the miners.

This incentive cliff helps to stabilize the AR token and ensures the mining-based consensus mechanism's long-term survival. While the permaweb looks like the standard web and can be accessed using ordinary browsers, it is fundamentally different.

Because the permaweb is based on Arweave, users may anticipate unchanging material. Permaweb apps and webpages will remain visible if the Arweave protocol is active.

Data submitted to the permaweb is also connected with identity, even if it is a pseudonym. The origin of information may be traced back to the network, making it easier to spot false information.

Many programs exist on the permaweb, such as Arweave Web Archive, which enables you to archive web pages. You may also save your code on the blockchain using Gitopia and trade profit-sharing tokens with Verto, another decentralized trading platform.

Profit-sharing tokens are Arweave-based tokens that distribute DApp use pay-outs. Arweave may also be used to store NFTs permanently. Arweave aims to revolutionize data storage and build a new internet where information is always available.

Distinguishing features of the project include its Blockweave architecture, miner content control standards, and competition-based strategy. Together, these characteristics transform Arweave from a data storage protocol to an internet layer.


What is the future potential for Arweave?

Arweave's entire addressable market is enormous. Market research organizations forecast that the worldwide data storage sector will reach $137.3 billion in 2025, growing at a 22.3% annual pace.

Its exposure to NFTs is also a significant growth driver. In August 2023, the amount of NFT trading on a single platform, OpenSea.io, exceeded $3.4 billion, a tenfold increase over the previous month.

Finally, keep in mind that smart contracts on the majority of blockchains are unable to execute using real-world APIs such as asset pricing.


Price analysis on Arweave

Arweave was initially launched in 2018, but its price analysis goes back as early as 2020, with the following highs and lows that can be noted:


  2020 September October November December to date
AR Price High $7.00 $64.6 $64.27 $86.28 $61.91
AR Price Low $0.72 $37 $46.52 $53.34 $36.36
Market Cap $220M $2.16B $2.15B $2.88B $2.07B


Price prediction on Arweave

Using an in-depth study of the AR market price chart, crypto experts conclude that AR can prove to be an excellent investment for crypto fans, earning an amazing 100% return in the first year.

AR could trade at a special price of USD 142.485, according to price forecasts. The price increase signals an outstanding growth rate, which may entice many cryptocurrency aficionados.

A lengthy price forecast for the AR market price implies an even more enticing yield rate. According to price projections, the cryptocurrency's value might climb to $461.630 in five years.


Which wallets are the best option for storing Arweave?

The best options for storing, sending, and receiving AR include the following digital wallets:

  1. Arweave Extension
  2. Coinbase Wallet


1. Arweave Extension: The official Arweave web extension crypto wallet allows users to create and manage their AR tokens, ensuring that permanent archiving is not only safe but easy.

The extension has multi-wallet support and offers users the ability to send and receive tokens, view their transaction history, wallet balance, and the ability to generate AR wallet key files.


2. Coinbase Wallet: Coinbase Wallet is naturally user-friendly and offers the safest utility in comparison to any other wallet, making it one of the finest bitcoin wallets.

Coinbase wallet is battle-tested and is an excellent partner for Coinbase customers, even those who are new to cryptocurrencies. It is suitable for both specialists and novices in the field of digital money.

Best Bitcoin Wallets are the same as AR wallets.


Where can you buy Arweave?

AR tokens can be bought, sold, and exchanged on some of the following largest crypto exchanges:

  1. OKEx
  2. FTX Exchange
  3. Binance
  4. Huobi Global
  5. KuCoin


1. OKEx: Founded in 2014, OKEx is a crypto exchange trading platform that is headquartered in Malta. OKEx is known for offering leveraged trading up to 1:100, variable spreads, and commissions that start from $0. In addition, the exchange provides a proprietary trading platform that can be used on mobile devices and the web.


The exchange features innovative proprietary trading software US clients are not accepted
There is 24/7 dedicated customer support offered The exchange is unregulated
There is a range of trading tools in addition to educational resources and tools There are limited trading instruments offered


2. FTX Exchange: Based in the Bahamas, FTX Exchange is a digital currency exchange platform that has been in operation since 2018. FTX Exchange offers leveraged trading on digital assets, allowing traders to increase their chances of earning profits.

Traders can use the proprietary trading platforms that can be used on the web, mobile devices, and desktops.


The exchange features a proprietary trading platform across devices United States clients are not accepted
There are educational materials for novice traders The exchange is unregulated
There are several helpful trading tools offered There are limited non-crypto assets offered
Traders can access leveraged trading opportunities
There are different digital assets that can be traded


3. Binance: Established in 2017, Binance is a prominent crypto exchange that allows traders to convert crypto assets at minimal trading costs. Traders can choose from 150 digital assets that can be bought, sold, and exchanged.

Binance offers powerful trading software, a comprehensive trading academy, and a secure trading environment where traders are safeguarded.


There are more than 150 digital coins offered Unregulated
There is a comprehensive training academy available Only offers crypto trading
There is multilingual customer support offered 24/7
Users can make purchases using their credit cards
There are powerful trading platforms offered


4. Huobi Global: Founded in 2013, Huobi Global is a Singapore-based crypto exchange that offers maximum leverage of up to 1:3. The exchange has more than 234 crypto assets listed that can be bought, sold, and traded.

Users can benefit from the liquidity that the exchange offers with trading volumes that often exceed $9 billion.


There is a low initial investment requirement Unregulated
24/7 customer service is offered Only offers crypto trading
There are over 234 coins offered US clients are not accepted
There is a decent selection of education
There are several intuitive trading platforms to choose from


5. KuCoin: KuCoin is a Hong-Kong based crypto exchange that has been in operation since 2017, providing sophisticated crypto trading solutions to traders from around the world. As a cryptocurrency exchange, KuCoin allows users to trade a wide range of digital assets such as Bitcoin and Ethereum, Litecoin, XRP, and KuCoins (KCS) via an easy-to-use web and mobile trading platform.


The exchange has some of the best trading technology United States clients are not accepted by the exchange
There is 24/7 multilingual customer support The exchange is unregulated
KuCoin has a high trust score
There are several digital assets offered for trading
The trading platforms can be used across devices

You can buy Arweave safely from these cryptocurrency platforms.

What is Arweave’s largest Competitor?

Filecoin is the largest competitor of Arweave.

While both are data storage solutions that are decentralized and based on blockchain technology, Arweave is focused on long-term data storage, while Filecoin is attempting to disrupt the present storage sector by offering a low-cost alternative to temporary storage.

Additionally, Arweave is establishing an ecosystem for permanent apps that will enable new forms of user and developer experiences and economics, while Filecoin provides storage for more typical web applications.


What can Arweave smart contracts do?

In a typical smart contract system (such as EOS or Ethereum v1), each node executes each transaction, rejecting those that include incorrect actions.

SmartWeave adopts a different approach: rather than forcing network nodes to run smart contract code, and it employs a method of “lazy evaluation,” delegating transaction validation processing to smart contract users.

When a person interacts with a SmartWeave contract, they analyze every previous transaction on the decentralized application (DApp) until they reach the end of the chain of legitimate state changes.

When the contract reaches its conclusion (the ‘tip'), the user reviews their call to the contract and then publishes the resultant state transition to the Arweave network. This process is repeated indefinitely, with new users verifying and contributing their own system states.

The Arweave network is used as a general data consensus and sharing layer in this paradigm, while users are responsible for confirming the transactions on the contracts with which they want to engage.

This choice has the effect of freeing validators from smart contract tasks, hence removing the requirement for “gas” to pay for smart contract interactions.

Rather than that, developers are allowed to allow for any amount of work, with the understanding that users will need to repeat this calculation to participate in contract execution.

Along with providing a solid foundation for scalable smart contract execution, this style of “lazy evaluation” enables the creation of entirely new types of smart contracts, such as those requiring extremely heavy computation — from complex financial modeling to GPU rendering and even convolutional neural network execution.

SmartWeave protocol interactions are nothing more than layer one Arweave data transfers. As a result, the SmartWeave is powered by AR — the same coin that is used for file storage in the Arweave protocol.

The prospect of SmartWeave compatibility is being investigated utilizing the layer two data bundling approach that we just announced.

If achieved, this would make SmartWeave one of the most scalable smart contract systems today — capable of processing transactions at throughputs limited by the bandwidth of each smart contract's users, rather than by conventional blockchain consensus limits.


Is Arweave a Good Investment?

Yes, Arweave is a good investment.

Arweave is the first blockchain to provide a solution for persistent data storage. Users may save a variety of data types, including audio, photos, and more. It might pose a threat to Google and other data storage providers.

Demand for data storage is expected to rise significantly by 2025, enabling for widespread implementation of Arweave. Experts believe that data growth at a rate of 22.3% per year would enable $137.3 billion in growth by 2025.

Currently, the Arweave ecosystem has 300 decentralized apps, of which ArDrive is only one, and there is a significant amount of potential for the project.


What is the supply and distribution of Arweave?

Arweave has a total quantity of 66 million AR tokens. When the blockweave's genesis block was constructed in June 2018, 55 million AR were generated, and a further 11 million would be added progressively as block prizes.

Arweave completed a token pre-sale in August 2017 in which 10.8% of the token supply was sold, and two public sales in May and June 2018 in which 7.1%and 1.1% of the supply, respectively, were sold.

  • An additional 19.5% was set aside for a private sale
  • 2.9% was set aside for project advisors
  • 13% was set aside for the team with a five-year lock-up where 20% of this amount is released annually.
  • 19.1% was set aside for ecosystem development
  • 26.5% was set aside for future project use


Is Arweave a viable Alternative Coin?

Yes, Arweave is a good alternative coin.

  • Hacking – Arweave has not experienced any significant security breaches
  • Security – Arweave is extremely secure
  • Technology – Arweave uses some of the most innovative technology, including Blockweave, Permaweb, SmartWeave, and more.
  • Potential Investment – Because of its unique uses, popularity, and technology, Arweave is a great potential investment
  • Future Uses – Arweave has several future uses because of its unique technology

Any cryptocurrency that isn't Bitcoin is referred to as an altcoin.

What are the differences between Arweave and Bitcoin?

Bitcoin was established to facilitate the transfer of money via the internet. Bitcoin aims to create a decentralized payment system that can be utilized in the same way as conventional currencies.

Arweave is a decentralized data storage system that enables the indefinite storage of documents and applications on a permaweb – a perpetual internet.


  Bitcoin Arweave
Price change 20/21 +400% +2,100%
Market Cap $800 Billion+ $2.1 Billion+
Past Hacks None None
Popularity Very High Very Low
Altcoin Rank #1 – Original Crypto #67


What are the differences between Arweave and Ethereum?

Ethereum, launched in July 2015, is the most widely used open-ended decentralized software platform. Ethereum allows the creation of smart contracts and DApps without any third-party intervention, fraud, control, or downtime.

This innovative technology utilizes a database to keep unalterable data and leverages economics to incentivize individuals to save data for lengthy periods for the first time. This combination makes data persistent.


  Ethereum Arweave
Price change 20/21 +880% +2,100%
Market Cap $460 Billion+ $2.1 Billion+
Past Hacks None None
Popularity Very High Very Low
Altcoin Rank #2 #67


What are the differences between Arweave and Dogecoin?

Where the utility of the native cryptocurrency is concerned, Dogecoin is more useful because it is a medium of exchange. However, Arweave's utility is expected to increase in such a way that it could overtake Dogecoin.

Dogecoin transactions take longer to confirm, but it has a lot more compatible wallets to choose from than Arweave. Dogecoin is accepted by many retailers around the world, while AR's acceptance is very limited.

Dogecoin supply is unlimited, and in terms of inflation, Dogecoin is on par with Arweave. Dogecoin and Arweave currently lack staking capabilities, and this is unlikely to change soon.


  Dogecoin Arweave
Price change 20/21 +7,300% +2,100%
Market Cap $22 Billion+ $2.1 Billion+
Past Hacks None None
Popularity High Very Low
Altcoin Rank #12 #67


What are the differences between Arweave and NEO?

Neo's usefulness lead over Arweave is likely to last for a long time. Despite being older than Arweave, it is less popular among users.

NEO coins are cheaper to transfer than AR, and NEO also confirms transactions 40 times quicker. Neo has more crypto wallet options than Arweave. NEO's inflation is twice as low as that of Arweave. Unlike Arweave that does not offer staking, Neo's staking gives yearly profits of 3%.


  NEO Arweave
Price change 20/21 +160% +2,100%
Market Cap $1.70 Billion+ $2.1 Billion+
Past Hacks None None
Popularity Medium Very Low
Altcoin Rank #69 #67


What are the differences between Arweave and NFTs?

Nonfungible tokens (NFTs) are digital assets that each have a unique value, with no two NFTs holding the same characteristics or value as another. Arweave, on the other hand, is fungible, which means that one AR has the same value and characteristics as another AR.


What are the differences between Arweave and Uniswap?

Uniswap is the biggest Ethereum-based decentralized exchange (or DEX). It enables users from all around the globe to trade cryptocurrency without the need for a middleman.

UNI is a governance token that enables users to vote on critical protocol modifications. Uniswap invented the Automated Market Maker approach, in which users contribute Ethereum tokens to Uniswap's “liquidity pools,” and computers determine market pricing based on supply and demand.

Uniswap has a substantial 24-hour trading volume and a diverse portfolio of digital assets. Arweave's decentralized design aims to make information permanence affordable and scalable.

Arweave provides an ideal foundation for the permaweb, which is a future version of the web. In permaweb, webpages, as well as a variety of apps, are kept in perpetuity, and information's provenance can be tracked.


  Uniswap Arweave
Price change 20/21 +180% +2,100%
Market Cap $11.3 Billion+ $2.1 Billion+
Past Hacks Yes, 2020 None
Popularity High Very Low
Altcoin Rank #18 #67


Which other data storage blockchain protocols are there?

Other popular digital storage crypto projects include:

  • Filecoin
  • BitTorrent
  • Holo
  • Siacoin
  • Storj
  • Ocean Protocol
  • Phantasma
  • Akash Network
  • Augur


How does Arweave differ from other data storage blockchains?

Decentralized storage networks like Arweave link those who have spare disk space to those who need it. Arweave is different from other projects because it is based on a blockchain-like data structure called the Blockweave, which is designed to enable scalable, cost-effective, and permanent data storage.

Permaweb is the term given to a network of decentralized websites and decentralized apps (DApps) that may be accessed by standard internet browsers as a permanent, decentralized web.

In the end, this creates a permanent, decentralized network of information where people are encouraged to engage. Traditional blockchain networks are built up of blocks, which store the information needed to make websites and apps available on the permaweb.

Arweave's Blockweave is similar. Traditional blockchains, on the other hand, are simply connected to the preceding block in the chain sequentially.

Arweave's Blockweave design links each block to the one before it as well as the recall block, which is a previous block in the network's Blockweave history. Proof of Access, Arweave's unique consensus technique, relies heavily on the recall block.